There is a global order to sports. Sports are organized into core, periphery, and semiperipheral blocs according to politics, economy, and culture. The core blocs of sports include the United States, Russia, Australia, South Korea, and other nations based on similarity. The periphery sports world includes most Asian and African countries. In addition, the international order has changed over the years. For example, the Olympic Games are held in New York City at five in the morning for spectators in New York.
The first recorded history of modern sports begins in the late 17th century in England. In the Restoration, the Puritans tried to drive traditional pastimes underground and eventually gave rise to organized games. The Marylebone Cricket Club, founded in 1787, pioneered the development of organized games, which were later refined into competitive sports. The club was able to rationalize competition and maintain its competitive spirit despite its religious and social background. Today, many universities have instituted centres for the study of sports.
Emotional processes are important aspects of sports. Emotions are a reflection of the athlete’s evaluation of his or her own performance and the perception of others. Some people develop primary identities as athletes, while others end their athletic careers due to injury, age, or motivational factors. The emotional processes in sports shape the identity of players, coaches, and fans and contribute to national identity. The following are some important topics to consider when examining the role of emotions in sports.